The Bible Concerning Salvation (Part 3)

The Bible Concerning Salvation I. Man is presented in three states in Scripture. A. Man in a state of innocency but capable of falling. GEN 1:26-28, 31; 2:15-17. B. Man in a state of sin and incapable of recovery. 1. GEN 2:17. Man died the day he partook of the forbidden fruit. EPH 2:1-3. 2. The total posterity of Adam is affected. GEN 5:1-3; ROM 5:12, 17-19. 3. Men are sinners by NATURE (EPH 2:3). All are sinners from: a. youth. GEN 8:21; PRO 22:15. b. birth. PSA 58:3. c. conception. PSA 51:5. 4. Consider the Biblical description of fallen man. a. Jew and Gentile are alike corrupt and condemned. ROM 3:9-19, 23 c/w ROM 1:18-32; 2:1, 17-24. b. Time will not improve him. 2TI 3:1-5; 13. c. Man is worthless: (1) religiously. ISA 64:6. (2) morally. PSA 39:5. (3) collectively. ISA 40:17. 5. Consider the inability of fallen man to recover himself. a. JOB 14:4. Man's filthiness prevents him from producing cleanliness. b. JER 13:23. Man lacks the ability to alter his nature to do good. c. JER 17:9. Appeals to the heart are futile because of its corruption. The heart is the apparatus for: (1) thought. HEB 4:12. (2) resolve. HEB 4:12; 2CO 9:7. (3) will. EXO 35:29. (4) emotion. LEV 26:16 (sorrow); DEU 28:47 (gladness). d. ROM 6:20; 8:6-8. Under sin, man is totally freed FROM righteousness. e. JOH 6:44; 3:19-20; PSA 10:4. Even though God commands men to repent (ACT 17:30), they will not genuinely do so without a change of nature, which change they do not desire. f. 1CO 2:14; JOH 8:43-47. Under the dominion of sin, fallen man has no capacity for spiritual things. g. MAT 12:33-35. Actions, systems or conditions avail nothing until the nature is changed. 6. The sinful will of man will not accept the true Jesus Christ on His terms even when Christ is offered to him. MAR 15:11-14; LUK 23:25. 7. Fallen man will not change under the best of circumstances (ISA 26:10) or under intense judgments. GEN 8:21; REV 16:8-9. 8. If Adam, a perfect man, did not comply with conditions for life, then what is the fallen sinner going to do? C. Man in a state of grace incapable of falling. 1. There are three potential ways of recovery. a. God purposes to save all mankind with the fulfillment of that purpose conditioned upon man's response. This cannot be because of fallen man's inability. b. God purposes to save all mankind unconditionally. This cannot be because The Bible Concerning Salvation Page 1 the Bible teaches that not all mankind will be saved. REV 20:15. God purposes to save some of mankind with the fulfillment of that purpose not being conditioned upon man's response. This is the way. God does not wait for sinners to improve themselves before He will save them. ROM 5:8, 10; EPH 2:4-5. The salvation of sinners is founded on God's gracious purpose in election. a. MAR 13:20. Election means choosing. b. 2TI 1:9. This elective purpose was established before the worlds began. c. 1TH 1:4. God is the elector, not man. d. EPH 1:4-6. The elect are predestinated to the adoption of children. e. 2TH 2:13. Election deals with salvation. f. 1PE 1:2. Election is based on God's foreknowledge. (1) This is not foreknowledge of creature obedience. PSA 14:2. (2) This foreknowledge is of an intimate, discriminating nature. MAT 7:23 ct/w JOH 10:14, 27; 2TI 2:19. g. ROM 9:10-18; 11:5-6. Election is not based on the will or work of the one elected. Objections to election. a. “World” of JOH 3:16. (1) This world must be reconciled with ROM 9:13; PSA 5:5. (2) There are several worlds in Scripture. HEB 1:2; LUK 2:1; JOH 15:19; 17:9; ROM 11:12, 15. (3) World: “The inhabitants of the earth, or a section of them.” (4) Compare JOH 6:33, 39 w/ 17:2. The world to whom Christ gives eternal life is all the Father gave to Him. God's love is IN Jesus Christ for A world chosen in Him out of THE world before the foundation of THIS world. ROM 8:39; JOH 13:1; 2TI 1:9. b. “All men” of 1TI 2:4-6. (1) Many times in Scripture, words like “all” are meant to be understood in a restricted or qualified sense. GEN 7:21; JOS 6:21; 1CO 9:22; 15:27. (2) The “all” that God will have to be saved are of necessity the “all” that were given to Christ. The elect, called to be sons of God, are the only ones for whom He acts as mediator. HEB 9:15. c. “Every man” of HEB 2:9. (1) Again, general terms in Scripture are often meant to be understood in a restricted or qualified sense. LUK 16:16; GEN 7:21; 2:16-17. (2) If the “every man” of HEB 2:9 is unqualified, then either: AA. Nobody is going to the lake of fire, since Christ's mission was to save all of those the Father had given Him (JOH 6:37- 39), or BB. Jesus Christ did not do the works that His Father sent Him to do. Such a Christ is not to be believed. JOH 10:37. (3) Christ did not give His life for every man w/o exception. JOH 10:11, 26. (4) The context of HEB 2:9 qualifies the “every man” for whom Christ tasted death as being His brethren, the children that God had given Him. vs.10-13. c. 2. 3. 4. The Bible Concerning Salvation Page 2 “Whosoever” of JOH 3:16 and REV 22:17. (1) Whosoever believes IS in possession of eternal life. JOH 5:24; 6:47; 1JO 5:1. (2) Whosoever believes IS justified (set free from the guilt and penalty of sin). ACT 13:39. (3) But only the elect, those given to Christ, believe (put their trust in God). ACT 13:48; TIT 1:1; HEB 2:13. (4) “That” in JOH 3:16 introduces a clause expressing purpose, end, aim or desire. AA. The verse is teaching that the giving of the only begotten Son is for the purpose that believers might be in possession of eternal life. BB. It is not their belief that puts them in possession of this, but the giving of the Son. (5) Only the elect will to come and take of the water of life freely. PSA 10:4; JOH 5:40 c/w PSA 110:3; PHIL 2:13. e. Does election mean that only a very few will be in heaven? No! REV 7:9; GAL 3:29 c/w GEN 15:5. f. What if one wants to be saved but is not elect? Those who genuinely desire salvation, not just from damnation, but from sin itself ARE elect!! (1) LUK 18:7. It is the elect who cry unto God. (2) MAT 5:4. The man who mourns over his sin IS blessed. (3) MAT 5:6. If a man hungers and thirsts after righteousness, he IS blessed. (4) ROM 10:12. God IS rich unto all that call upon Him. (5) 1CO 12:3. The man who sincerely calls Jesus Christ “Lord” already IS in possession of God's Spirit. (6) ROM 8:14. The man who is led by the Spirit to call upon God and repent IS a son of God. Justification by Jesus Christ. a. Justify: “To absolve, acquit, exculpate; spec. in Theol., to declare free from the penalty of sin on the ground of Christ's righteousness, or to make inherently righteous by the infusion of grace.” b. The nature of God demands that the penalty of sin be satisfied. (1) God is holy. DEU 32:4; LEV 11:44. (2) God hates sin and sinners (HAB 1:13; PSA 5:4-5). He loves the elect only in Christ. ROM 8:39. (3) God must punish sin. EXO 34:7; PSA 11:5-7. c. ROM 3:19-26; GAL 2:16. Men are justified by Jesus Christ's faith, not by their works. (1) God, the Word, became flesh to represent the elect before His law. HEB 2:14; GAL 4:4-5. (2) Christ assumed the sin of the elect and bore the curse of the law for them. GAL 3:13; 2CO 5:21. (3) This substitutionary work brings the elect into favor with God. 1PE 3:18; HEB 2:10. (4) God's wrath against sin is satisfied by Christ. ROM 8:3-4. (5) Having destroyed sin and sin's wage (ROM 6:23) through His own d. 5. The Bible Concerning Salvation Page 3 death, Christ's righteousness is then applied to the account of the elect. HEB 9:12; ROM 4:25; 5:18. (6) The blood of Christ, offered for His people, justifies them (ROM 5:6-9), reconciles them (COL 1:21-22) and redeems them. EPH 1:7; ROM 3:24-25. (7) This justification is for the elect only. MAT 1:21; JOH 10:11, 26-28; 17:2; ROM 8:28-30. (8) Faith: “Belief, trust, confidence.” (9) “Faith of Jesus Christ” is usually explained as being the faith the sinner exercises towards Christ when he hears the gospel per ROM 10:14. (10) Christ Himself possesses and exercises faith. HEB 2:13; JOH 8:29 c/w HEB 11:6. (11) This justification cannot be by the sinner's faith. AA. When a sinner believes, he is already justified in the sense of being freed from the penalty of sin. ACT 13:39. BB. It is a just person who exercises faith. GAL 3:11. CC. Believing in Jesus Christ is obedience to a commandment of the gospel (ROM 10:16; 1JO 3:23). This justification, however, is by the obedience of ONE. The sinner's obedience can have no part in this. ROM 5:19. DD. Cornelius was cleared of the guilt and penalty of sin BEFORE he believed the gospel. ACT 15:7; 10:15, 35; 1JO 3:7. The inward change of the elect. a. 1TH 5:23. The soul is within (JOB 14:22; PSA 42:4) and the spirit is within. ZEC 12:1; 1CO 2:11. b. God promises to make a change in the inward parts. JER 31:33; EZE 11:19-20; ROM 7:22. c. This inward change is called: (1) a birth. JOH 3:3; 1JO 3:9. (2) a begetting. 1JO 5:1. (3) a quickening. EPH 2:1. (4) a calling. 1PE 5:10. (5) a creation. EPH 4:24. d. This inward change is effectually wrought by the VOICE of Jesus Christ calling the dead to life. JOH 5:25; 10:27-28; ROM 8:30. e. It is the will of God that makes this change and not the will of the sinner. JOH 1:12-13; 5:21; ROM 8:28; 9:11, 16; 2TI 1:9. The resurrection of the body. JOH 5:28-29; 6:39; ROM 8:23; PHIL 3:20-21. Man in a state of grace is eternally secure. JOH 6:37-39; 10:27-29; ROM 8:30-39; PSA 37:28. 6. 7. 8. II. The purpose of the gospel. A. Only the regenerate elect can hear and believe the gospel. 1CO 1:18; 2:14; JOH 5:24; 8:43, 47. B. By means of the gospel the elect can hear and believe on Christ, Who has saved them with a successful, completed salvation. ROM 10:13-17; HEB 1:3; 9:12, 10:14. The Bible Concerning Salvation Page 4 Faith evidences that one is justified by the faith of Jesus Christ. ACT 13:39; ROM 4:3 c/w GEN 15:5-6 c/w HEB 11:8 c/w HEB 10:38; ROM 4:23-24. 2. This faith is confirmed as genuine by works. JAM 2:14-24. 3. The sinner's obedient faith justifies him in the sense of showing him to be already righteous before God through Jesus Christ. a. It does not free him from the guilt and penalty of sin but shows that he has already been freed. b. See this sense of justify (to show to be righteous) in LUK 7:29; PSA 51:4. 4. The gospel calls one to obedience (ROM 15:18; 16:25-26). This obedience evidences that one is righteous before God and born again. 1JO 3:7; 2:29. 5. In the new birth, God gives a person the ABILITY to obey His commandments, the first of which are to repent and believe the gospel. EZE 11:19-20; MAR 1:15. a. The gospel calls that person to the exercise of that ability. Hence, through exercising the ability of the regenerate man one comes to know he IS regenerated and in possession of eternal life. b. It is a reasoning from the effect back to the cause. Thus, the gospel brings life and immortality to light! 2TI 1:10; 1JO 5:13; 1TH 1:4-6. 6. The gospel will save a child of God FROM ignorance, chastening and error if it is believed and obeyed. LUK 12:48; EPH 4:11-15; 1CO 9:22. a. The word save (and its forms and synonyms) can refer to other than the new birth and deliverance from eternal damnation. PSA 44:4; 116:8; 2TI 3:11. b. Belief of the gospel can save a child of God from an untoward generation. ACT 2:40. c. Belief of the gospel can save a child of God from fear of death. HEB 2:15. 7. The gospel will save a child of God TO fellowship with the Father and His Son, Jesus Christ if it is believed and obeyed. ACT 2:38-42 c/w 1JO 1:1-4, 7, 9; ACT 3:19; 10:43. 8. The gospel is essentially designed to LOCATE, EDUCATE, STIMULATE, SEPARATE and CONGREGATE the REGENERATE!! It is a sheep finder, feeder and gatherer, not a sheep maker. ACT 13:48; JOH 21:15-17. Texts which seem to favor the idea that the gospel quickens the dead sinner. 1. 1PE 1:23. a. The Scriptures cannot regenerate. b. Jesus is incorruptible. ACT 13:35. c. Scripture is corruptible. 2CO 2:17. d. Jesus lives forever. REV 1:18. e. Jesus abides forever. JOH 12:34. f. Jesus is God's seed. GAL 3:16; 1JO 3:9. g. The phrase “word of God” cannot be confined to the gospel. HEB 11:3; 2PE 3:5. h. Jesus is the Word of God. REV 19:13. i. The word preached by the gospel is different by virtue of “this” (v. 25). j. Jesus Christ, not Scripture, quickens by His personal utterance. JOH 5:21, 25. 2. JAM 1:18. a. It is God's will that regenerates here. b. Begetting requires much more than Scripture. 1. C. The Bible Concerning Salvation Page 5 Regeneration here is God's creative act. Creation is accomplished by the personal utterance of God. GEN 1:3; HEB 11:3. e. Jesus is the Word. JOH 1:14. f. Jesus is the Truth. JOH 14:6. g. John calls Him the Word of Life. 1JO 1:1. EPH 5:26. a. Jesus Christ is the active Person here. JOH 5:25. b. Washing is the Spirit's action. TIT 3:5. c. Water is the Spirit's symbol. JOH 7:39. d. Jesus Christ directs the Spirit by His voice, as seen elsewhere. JOB 26:13 c/w PSA 33:6; JOH 20:22. e. Jesus cleanses by His voice. JOH 15:3; MAR 1:41-42. 1CO 4:15. a. Paul did not regenerate them. JOH 1:13; MAT 23:9. b. In context, Paul is speaking analogically. v. 14. c. He is comparing their gospel teachers. d. Paul was their first gospel teacher, responsible for their initial conversion. They were his work, not others. 1CO 9:1. e. Reference is here being made to the Corinthians being begotten to Paul's ways which were in Christ. vs. 16-17. ROM 1:16. a. Jesus Christ is the power of God in salvation. 1CO 1:24; JOH 17:2. b. Gospel means glad tidings or good news. LUK 4:18 c/w ISA 61:1. c. The good news is the announcement that Jesus Christ has power to save. d. The gospel or glad tidings does not bring life and immortality. It declares Jesus Christ, Who “...ONLY hath immortality...” (1TI 6:16), and has power to give it to all that the Father gave Him. JOH 17:2. e. The gospel brings life and immortality TO LIGHT. 2TI 1:10. c. d. 3. 4. 5. III. The Unconverted Elect. A. Convert: “To turn in position or direction.” B. Conversion requires Scripture and teaching. PSA 19:7; 51:13. C. Conversion involves seeing, hearing and understanding, which things require regeneration. MAT 13:15; JOH 5:24; 8:43, 47. 1. Scripture distinguishes between regeneration and conversion. 2. Regenerate: “In religious use; to cause to be born again in a spiritual sense; to invest with a new and higher spiritual nature.” 3. The inward change of man (regeneration) is effectually wrought by the VOICE of the Son of God calling the dead to life. JOH 5:25; 10:27-28; ROM 8:30. a. It is HIS voice, not that of the gospel preacher. b. It is the same power that resurrected the Savior's dead body. EPH 1:19-20. c. No preacher had a hand in that. 4. Regeneration is a conversion in the sense that God's Spirit turns the inward parts from corruption to grace, from hell to heaven. But conversion is not synonymous with regeneration. D. Examples of the conversion of born-again persons. LUK 22:32 c/w MAT 16:16 c/w 1JO 5:1; JAM 5:19-20.

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