Judgment, Repentance, Restoration (Part 2)
V. An excluded brother may only be restored if he is genuinely penitent, for it is on the terms of repentance that God and heaven receives sinners. ISA 55:7; LUK 15:7.
A. penitent: That repents, with serious purpose to amend the sin or wrongdoing; repentant,
B. contrite: Crushed or broken in spirit by a sense of sin, and so brought to complete
C. These terms fit with the description of the brother at Corinth whom Paul ordered to be
restored. 2CO 2:6-11.
1. He was on the verge of being “...swallowed up with overmuch sorrow” (v. 7).
2. This is critical, since “...godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation not to be
repented of...” (2CO 7:10).
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3. Contrast Cain's “sorrow” over his punishment (GEN 4:13-14), Esau's “sorrow” over his bad decision to sell his birthright (HEB 12:16-17) and Judas' “repentance” of his betrayal of Christ (MAT 27:3-5) with David's penitential sorrow over his sin in PSA 51.
D. In 2CO, Paul reminded Corinth of his previous epistle in which he had ordered the offending brother's exclusion. 2CO 2:4 c/w 1CO 5.
E. Corinth had zealously executed that disciplinary order (and other orders) and Paul's praise for them indicates that they had done so promptly after receiving the epistle of 1Corinthians. 2CO 2:9 c/w 2CO 7:8-12.
F. Corinth had received the first epistle a year before the second epistle.
2CO 8:10 c/w 9:1-5 c/w 1CO 16:1-3.
1. They had been notified in the first epistle to make a collection for the saints, which notice resulted in their beginning to be forward a year before in this ministry to the saints.
2. Thus, the first epistle was received by Corinth a year before the second.
3. Inasmuch as Paul only had praise for their zealous response to the first epistle, it
may be inferred that they had promptly excluded the offending brother.
4. Thus, the exclusion and repentance of the offending brother had taken place over
the period of a year.
G. 2CO 2:6-7 have direct bearing on what Paul ordained relative to church discipline, its
intended effect, and the qualifying terms of restoration.
1. The sinner's exclusion was a punishment that was inflicted of many. It was a
corporate action of the church against one whom God had deemed unworthy of fellowship.
a. This punishment is not the natural consequence of sin such as when a man
gets drunk and stumbles while holding a carving knife.
b. This punishment is not the spiritual judgment of God in withdrawing from a
recalcitrant (private or public) sinner. That judgment:
(1) may occur without others knowing about it.
(2) will occur whether or not others do something about it when they are
aware of the sinner's fault.
(3) precedes any action that men may take to punish an offender. Paul
by the Spirit had “...JUDGED ALREADY, as though I were present, concerning him that hath so done this deed” (1CO 5:3) before Corinth had even received his instruction to exclude the sinning brother.
c. If either of “a” or “b” is the punishment Paul is speaking of in 2CO 2:6, then:
(1) a sinner would have already been punished before the church took action and Paul therefore was a horribly confused man.
(2) godly sorrow and repentance would be disconnected from the sufficiency of the punishment.
d. This punishment inflicted of many was the corporate action of the church in imposing a penalty upon the sinner to ensure the application and enforcement of a law.
(1) punishment: The action of punishing or the fact of being punished;
the infliction of a penalty in retribution for an offence; also, that which is inflicted as a penalty; a penalty imposed to ensure the
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application and enforcement of a law.
(2) inflict: To lay on as a stroke, blow or wound; to impose as
something that must be suffered or endured; to cause to be borne. e. The word many contrasts with few (MAT 7:13-14) and thus speaks of a
2. Considering the following questions and answers helps clarify the issue.
a. WHO was punished? Ans. A sinner whom God had already judged.
b. WHO did the punishing? Ans. The church as a corporate entity.
c. WHEN was the punishment executed? Ans. When the church put out the
offending brother from its membership and turned him over to Satan for the
destruction of the flesh.
d. WHAT was the punishment? Ans. Public shame and separation from the
body of Christ and all of its benefits and privileges.
H. Mind that the sufficient punishment was to “...such a man...” (2CO 2:6).
1. First note that Paul did not say, “Appropriate to that fornicator WAS that action which the church took...” but rather, “Sufficient to SUCH a man IS this punishment...” Paul is addressing the term or duration of the punishment.
2. such: Of the character, degree, or extent described, referred to or implied in what has been said....'such a one' – such a person or thing as that specified or referred to; one of that kind.
3. “Such” a person as Paul is describing is a humbled, penitent, excluded man on the verge of being “...swallowed up with overmuch sorrow” (2CO 2:7).
4. Since Corinth had zealously undertaken to obey Paul's instructions to cast out the fornicator (given in the first epistle which was received by them one year before the second epistle), and since Paul deemed that one-year period of exclusion to be sufficient punishment for “such a man” (2CO 2:6), i.e., a humbled, sorrowful, repentant excluded brother, it stands to reason that the sinner's godly sorrow was evident at the time of his exclusion.
a. The “clock” for sufficient punishment therefore began with the godly sorrow of an excluded brother.
b. The Cincinnati Church has with its own eyes witnessed the godly sorrow of a brother on the day of his exclusion from the membership!
I. The probation period of an excluded, sorrowful, repentant brother should be counted from the beginning of his sorrowful repentance, NOT from the time he was penalized with exclusion from the church.
1. If the latter be the “one year” measure, then it would be possible for an excluded
brother to remain in hard-hearted indifference to the fellowship and communion of the church and of the Lord's Table for 364-7/8 days, then drop into a morning service, come under conviction of conscience, fall apart in tears and be restored immediately.
2. But Paul's order was for a one-year sufficient punishment for a humbled, sorrowful, repentant brother! The brother who is “such” must bear the reproach and sting of separation for one year.
a. Civil law imposes sentences upon an offender after which society is obliged
to consider the debt paid and the offender received back into its affairs
regardless of his attitude.
b. But the church of Jesus Christ is NOT obliged to receive back into its
membership someone who has simply been excluded for one year! Judgment, Repentance, Restoration 11-24-13 Page 4
3. King David received his banished disobedient son, Absalom before Absalom had demonstrated sufficient contrition or repentance and that produced great trouble for David and Israel. 2SAM 14-15.
4. If a person genuinely loves what he cannot have immediately, he will do what is necessary to acquire it. GEN 29:20.
J. After a successful one-year probation of a penitent, the church is to behave “contrariwise” to “such a man” (2CO 2:6-7).
1. Since the punishment was exclusion, behaving contrariwise would mean restoring
the humbled penitent to church membership and the church should corporately
forgive, comfort, and confirm their love to such a man. 2CO 2:7-8.
2. Such forgiveness averts an inroad for Satan to get an advantage.
2CO 2:10-1l c/w GAL 6:1.
3. Judgment awaits those who refuse to show mercy when it is appropriate to do so.
VI. How should the church treat an excluded member who is proven to be sorrowfully penitent?
A. Until his restoration, he is still “without” the body and therefore barred from church
B. However, he is no longer walking disorderly, per 2TH 3:6.
C. He is not causing offenses and divisions contrary to the doctrine, per ROM 16:17-18.
D. He is rather trying to walk orderly by obeying the doctrine.
E. Unlike the disorderly or divisive person who remains hardened in sin, we may have more
dealing with a penitent to encourage his restoration to the church upon sufficient punishment. GAL 6:1-2 c/w 2CO 2:6-8.
1. restore: To give back, to make return or restitution of (anything previously taken
away or lost).
2. The man is eligible for eventual restoration to membership, which was taken away
when he was excluded.
3. However, he is still (“...if a man BE...”) overtaken in the fault.
a. He is still bearing the consequences.
b. Such would be the case of an excluded brother who is penitent yet still on
4. He is bearing a burden that we should help him to bear, per GAL 6:2.
5. When one is exercised by a chastening, we should encourage him thus letting him
be healed. HEB 12:11-13.
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