(45) Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour.
(46) And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
(47) Some of them that stood there, when they heard that, said, This man calleth for Elias.
(48) And straightway one of them ran, and took a spunge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink.
(49) The rest said, Let be, let us see whether Elias will come to save him.
(John 18:31) Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. The Jews therefore said unto him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death:
(John 18:32) That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die.
(John 19:26) When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son!
(John 19:27) Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home.
(38) Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee.
(39) But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas:
(40) For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
The Water of Separation
I. This law provided for cleansing after contact with a dead body, bone or grave. Jesus alluded to the defilement by a grave in His poignant rebuke of the Scribes and Pharisees. LUK 11:44.
A. The cleansing was primarily ceremonial as a condition to restoration to the congregation
after defilement, a purification for sin (v. 9).
B. As with certain other such ordinances (e.g., the law of leprosy, LEV 13-14), there were
also health benefits. c/w EXO 15:26.
C. The Egyptians violated principles contained in God’s laws and this led to diseases.
Reasoning Out of the Scriptures
I. This study sets forth the Biblical method for arriving at truth, our chief pursuit. PRO 23:23; 4:7.
A. It sets forth the importance of linear, connected thought that produces sound conclusions as
opposed to scattered, disconnected thought that produces invalid or indeterminate conclusions. This may be expressed:
1. Valid premise + valid reasoning = valid conclusion.
2. Valid premise + invalid reasoning = invalid conclusion.
3. Invalid premise + valid reasoning = invalid conclusion.
4. Invalid premise + invalid reasoning = indeterminate conclusion.
Christ’s Second Coming: When? How?
I. Jesus Christ has promised to come again. MAT 24:30; ACT 1:11; HEB 9:28.
A. Various things such as resurrection, judgment, rewards, etc. are associated with His
B. A correct understanding of the Second Coming should settle the heart.
JOH 14:1-3; 1TH 1:9-10.
C. A denial of the Second Coming is an open door to hedonism. 1CO 15:32; 2PE 3:3-6.
D. A corruption of the Second Coming can unsettle the heart (2TH 2:1-2) and misdirect
thought and action.
1. Example: The time of Christ’s coming is not known (MAR 13:32-37; 1TH 5:1-2).
The Believer’s Hope: The Second Coming of Christ
I. The Lord Jesus promised that the faithful would not be exempted from tribulation. JOH 16:33.
A. tribulation: A condition of great affliction, oppression, or misery; ‘persecution; distress;
vexation; disturbance of life.’
B. Christ’s words were spoken to men who would suffer greatly for their faith. JOH 16:1-2.
C. The fates of the apostles and the annals of history bear witness to terrible tribulation that
saints have faced.
1. One school of prophetic theory affirms a period of “great tribulation” yet future
1 Timothy 3:14-16
A. The theme of this epistle is summarized here. It was written to guide the behavior of the minister in his oversight of a local church.
1. The Biblical method of propagating and preparing ministers is by one minister teaching
and ordaining a fit candidate for the office. 2TI 2:2; TIT 1:5-9.
2. Scripture knows nothing of seminary training where aspiring preachers are taught,
classroom-style, for assumed ministries.
3. Under the Biblical system, if one preacher is doctrinally unsound, he misleads one
I. The way a Christian conducts his affairs in the area of mammon says much about his character.
A. Our giving rests upon the foundation of Christ's gift. 2CO 8:9.
B. Under the law, a specific amount was commanded to be set aside for God.
1. There was a tithe each year for the Levite. NUM 18:21.
2. There was also an annual tithe for feasts of worship. DEU 14:22-27.
3. There was also a tithe every third year for the Levite and the poor. DEU 14:28-29.
4. Israel was obliged to give about 23-1/3% annually in tithes.