Naboth the Jezreelite
Naboth the Jezreelite
(1 Kings 21)
I. No study of the life and times of Elijah would be complete without considering the seizure of
Naboth's vineyard by Ahab and Jezebel, for it was there that God again sent Elijah to challenge
the king. 1KI 21 c/w PRO 1:17-19.
A. When Israel rashly desired a king like the nations, God warned them about things like this.
B. One would think that someone with riches, prestige and power like Ahab would need no
more, but man's nature is covetous. PRO 27:20; ECC 5:10.
C. Ahab had an eye for Naboth's vineyard, but Naboth resisted his desire. 1KI 21:1-4.
1. Property rights and inheritance in Israel were to be defended.
LEV 25:23; NUM 36:7; EZE 46:18.
2. Blessings bestowed should not be lightly forsaken. NUM 18:7 c/w 16:8-11; 17:10;
ROM 11:13; HEB 2:1-3; 10:35; 2JO 1:8; REV 3:11.
D. Jezebel was not about to let law and justice stand in the way of the king's pleasure, so she
conspired to eliminate the proper heir of the vineyard and thus take possession.
1KI 21:5-10 c/w MAT 21:38-41.
E. Jezebel's method of gaining a vineyard hardly qualified her to be a virtuous woman.
F. Ahab did not dissuade his wife from this venture. He had recently been incensed against
Benhadad for his attempted seizure of Ahab's property (1KI 20:6-7) and now he was about
to do the very same thing to Naboth. ROM 2:1-3, 21.
1. The early Jerusalem church had a corrupt, covetous husband-wife team also.
2. The Jewish saints at times had power-hungry, ruthless “worshippers” in their
assemblies. JAM 2:1-5; 5:1-6.
II. Jezebel made sure that her actions had the semblance of legality, but just because something is
legal doesn't necessarily mean that it's right. 1KI 21:10-14 c/w DEU 19:15; LEV 24:16.
A. Naboth's sons were also executed. 2KI 9:26 ct/w DEU 24:16.
B. Such a perversion of justice tends to enrage the righteous, but caution must be exercised.
PSA 37:1, 7-9.
C. Wickedness such as this is not overlooked forever. ECC 5:8; PSA 94:20-23.
D. Authority comes from God and is not to be abused. Abuses such as this have bitter
rewards. 2SAM 23:3 c/w MIC 2:1-3.
E. As much as Ahab and Jezebel tried to hide this travesty under the cloak of law, God is
greater than man and saw it all. Sin cannot be hidden.
1KI 21:15-19 c/w NUM 32:23; 1TI 5:24-25.
F. The elders of Jezreel had agreed to Jezebel's bloody demands from Samaria. 1KI 21:8-11.
1. Ironically, when the pendulum swung back, it swung very hard.
2. King Jehu later wrote letters from Jezreel to the elders of Samaria making bloody
demands of them for Ahab's sons. 2KI 10:6-7.
III. Elijah was once again perceived to be Ahab's enemy. 1KI 21:17-26 c/w 1KI 18:17.
A. So it is with those who bear witness of the truth to those who prefer the cover of darkness
and deception. JOH 8:39-40; GAL 4:16; PRO 29:10, 27.
B. Man by nature is sold under sin (ROM 7:14), but Ahab had sold himself to work
Naboth the Jezreelite 5-7-11 Page 1 of 2wickedness (1KI 21:25). His conscience had been so often wounded that it no longer felt
the pain. c/w EPH 4:19.
IV. Elijah's rebuke had a positive effect on Ahab, which God honored. 1KI 21:27-29.
A. Ahab, like King Manasseh (2CH 33:12-13), may have been a horribly wayward child of
God, but not necessarily.
B. God even extends mercies to the wicked by deferring their punishment if they will humble
themselves. c/w DAN 4:27; MAT 11:23 c/w JUDE 1:7.
V. As abhorrent as Ahab and Jezebel's crime was, it was substantially no different from that which
David had done in the matter of Uriah the Hittite. 2SAM 11:14-24.
A. The potential for any form of wickedness dwells in all, children of God included, and is
just cause for humility. ROM 7:8; EPH 2:1-3.
B. “Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed, lest he fall” (1CO 10:12).
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