2 Timothy (Part 13)

1. In these verses Paul likens the ministry to soldiering, athletic competition and
husbandry (care, cultivation and breeding of crops and animals).
A. These three comparisons underscore three facts about ministry and Christian
life in general:
(1) There are fights to be fought.
(2) There are rules that must be kept.
(3) There is labour that must be done.
B. As much as our flesh would like to avoid these, they are part and parcel of
genuine Christianity. MAT 7:13-14; ACT 14:22.
2. Soldiering speaks of authority, discipline, arms and engagement.
A. A good soldier must both wield and yield to authority. c/w MAT 8:9-10.
B. A good soldier must be disciplined in study and under discipline to the word
of God. 1TI 4:13-16; 2TI 2:15; JOH 8:31-32.
C. A good soldier must be armed defensively and offensively. EPH 6:11-17.
D. A good soldier will not run from nor yield prematurely in a necessary battle.
JOH 10:12-13 c/w 2SAM 23:10.
3. The most of the verses which speak of Christian warfare apply to the ministry.
1TI 1:18; PHIL 2:25; PHM 1:2 c/w COL 4:17.
A. Ministers are warriors.
(1) The marginal note of NUM 4:23 offers “war the warfare” as an
alternative to “perform the service.”
(2) Godly prophets were deemed Israel's military power. 2KI 2:12; 13:14.
(3) Ministers of Jesus Christ advance His ideas against an antiChrist world
and those ideas have consequences.
(4) Secular powers know this very well. The British often referred to the American clergy as The Black Regiment during the Revolutionary Era.
B. There is defensive warfare where the minister defends the church and the
doctrine against corruption. PHIL 1:17; GAL 2:4-5; TIT 1:9-11.
C. There is offensive warfare where the minister strives to win souls to the truth.
2TI 2:14; 2CO 10:3-5.
D. The weapons of this warfare are spiritual. 2CO 10:3-4.
(1) The field of this battle is in the minds and souls of men.
(2) The “compelling” of men (per LUK 14:25) is by the force of argument,
not the point of the sword or power of the state. TIT 1:9.
(3) It is a bankrupt and desperate theology that resorts to carnal or secular
force to silence its opponents.
E. Christians in general are as soldiers in warfare. EPH 6:10-17; 1PE 2:11.
4. Paul's exhortation to endure hardness is introduced by the conjunctive adverb,
A. As noted in the comments on 2TI 2:1, this grammatical form links the
command to endure hardness with the thoughts of the previous verse.
(1) Conjunctive adverbs are transition words that define the relationship
between independent clauses.
(English—Master the Basics, by Jean Yates, p. 186)
(2) Conjunctive adverbs like consequently, therefore and thus indicate the
consequence of a statement. (Ibid, p.188)
(3) Based upon the command to commit Paul's gospel to faithful men who
shall be able to teach others also, Timothy should expect hardness that
he is to endure.
(4) Endure: “To last; to suffer continuously. intr. To last, continue in
existence. Also, to persist, 'hold out' in any action, etc.. Formerly also,
to continue in a certain state or condition, remain in a certain place
(with complement expressing the state or place).”
(5) Hardness: “The quality or condition of being hard; difficulty of
penetration, solution, apprehension, performance, endurance;
inflexibility, rigidity, stiffness, harshness; rigour, severity, cruelty;
obduracy, obstinacy; hardiness, etc.”
B. One of the great challenges of ministry is getting through to the people under
one's care so as to get their thinking and conduct straightened out.
(1) Human nature being what it is, the minister will have to endure
hardness of heart amongst his listeners. MAR 3:5; 16:14.
(2) “Dullness of hearing” makes some doctrine “hard to be uttered...”
(HEB 5:11).
a. Remember that hardness is difficulty of penetration or
b. “Is any of this getting through to you?”
c. A minister must expect and endure the hardness of getting
through to people whose minds are on their work, their family or
their play or who are sleeping through the sermon.
(3) In committing Paul's gospel to others, it should be noted that his gospel
has “...some things hard to be understood, which they that are
unlearned and unstable wrest....to their own destruction” (2PE 3:16).
(4) Even faithful men who are able to teach others can have their lapses
when the word is committed unto them. MAR 16:14-15.
C. One of the ways that God manifests men as approved is by allowing heresies
to challenge the church and its pastor. DEU 33:8-10 c/w 1CO 11:19.
(1) A pastor may have to endure the hardness of agenda-driven members or
their hard speeches (JUDE 1:15) against the truth or his person to
“separate the men from the boys.”
(2) Enduring such hardness can show a potential minister what the work
can really be like and how a faithful minister must not waver from the
doctrine even though it means great pressure or loss. It also provides
an opportunity to show God's forwardness to stand with the right.
ISA 54:17; JER 1:8, 17-19.
D. In the context of perpetuating the ministry (v.2) a minister may have to endure
the hardness that comes from having a trainee go stinko after ordination.
ACT 20:29-30.
E. The warfare of ministry will give the man of God plenty of opportunities to
endure hardness (2CO 7:5).
(1) What he must be cautious of is not to allow those things to make him
become hardness.
(2) God's people are worth enduring hardness for. 2TI 2:10.
5. The soldier minister is to avoid entangling himself with the affairs of this life. v.4.
A. Entangle: “To involve, impede, cause to stick fast in coils, network or
anything 'tangled' or interlaced. Hence, in wider sense: To involve in
surroundings that impede movement, or from which extrication is difficult.”
B. Affair: “What one has to do or has ado with; what has to be done; business,
C. This verse does not prohibit a minister from ALL dealing with the affairs of
(1) A minister may marry, have children or pursue hobbies. 1CO 9:4-6.
(2) A minister may work another job if necessary. ACT 20:34.
(3) This verse prohibits a minister from being ENTANGLED with the
affairs of this life to where he is impeded from doing God's work.
D. If possible, he should not have to minister at his own charges. 1CO 9:6-14.
E. Mind how this verse likens ministry to being drafted into military service.
Woe unto draft evaders! 1CO 9:16.
6. The soldier minister should concentrate on fighting the battles of His Captain's
choosing, not those concocted by men or his own fancies.
A. He need not preoccupy himself with self-willed engagements where God has
not directed. c/w 2CH 35:20-24.
B. Neither should he waste his energies on Quixotic missions against phantom
enemies. 1TI 1:4; 2TI 2:23; TIT 3:9.
C. God will suffer Satan to provide plenty of real enemies and battles that MUST
be fought!
7. What applies here primarily to the ministry applies secondarily to believers in
A. Believers must also endure hardness. 2TI 3:11-12; PHIL 1:29-30.
B. Believers must also guard against entanglement with the affairs of this life.
LUK 8:14; 21:34; 1CO 7:29-32.

2 Timothy.pdf152.02 KB